The text below is re-produced from Energoatom’s press release
“We also want to emphasize that the CSFSF will contain spent nuclear fuel exclusively from Ukrainian Nuclear Power Plants (it is not envisioned to store any spent fuel from foreign reactors at the Ukrainian storage facility, and, moreover, such storage contradicts IAEA requirements and requirements of Laws of Ukraine). Presently, Ukraine’s Nuclear Power Plants generate more than 50% of the total electricity produced in the country and thus establishing the appropriate conditions for long-term safe storage of Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) is Ukraine’s strategic priority for the energy sector. This long-term safe storage will enable us to fulfill the international commitment of ensuring a country with nuclear power shall be ultimately responsible for the safe management of its spent nuclear fuel, produced by its nuclear power plants.
Furthermore, when constructed, the CSFSF will eliminate a problem with spent fuel removal (Ukraine presently exports more than half of its spent nuclear fuel to Russia for technological storage with further reprocessing). The estimated costs of the construction and operation of the CSFSF are expected to be four times less than the total costs, which Ukraine now pays to transport its spent nuclear fuel to Russia; the investment into the facility will be paid off in less than four years of operation.
According to the general designer, the CSFSF will have no harmful environment impact in general, and particularly for the groundwater, even if a beyond design basis accident would take place. In fact, as specified by the design, the "dry" storage technology will store the SNF in a noble gas medium, within double-wall stainless steel containers which are loaded into protective concrete modules located on a special pad. These protective modules are designed to provide physical protection of spent fuel, biological shielding against radiation, and passive heat removal during fuel storage. The strength of the structures of the system was tested in simulated situations of fire, explosion, earthquake, and even during an aircraft crash.
The construction and subsequent operation of the CSFSF will contribute to the environmental rehabilitation of the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, and ultimately facilitate a renewed and thriving economic activity to this area.”